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Genome Med . 2021 Jan 13

Disease severity-specific neutrophil signatures in blood transcriptomes stratify COVID-19 patients

Anna C Aschenbrenner, Maria Mouktaroudi, Benjamin Krämer, Marie Oestreich, Nikolaos Antonakos, Melanie Nuesch-Germano, Konstantina Gkizeli, Lorenzo Bonaguro, Nico Reusch, Kevin Baßler, Maria Saridaki, Rainer Knoll, Tal Pecht, Theodore S Kapellos, Sarandia Doulou, Charlotte Kröger, Miriam Herbert, Lisa Holsten, Arik Horne, Ioanna D Gemünd, Nikoletta Rovina, Shobhit Agrawal, Kilian Dahm, Martina van Uelft, Anna Drews, Lena Lenkeit, Niklas Bruse, Jelle Gerretsen, Jannik Gierlich, Matthias Becker, Kristian Händler, Michael Kraut, Heidi Theis, Simachew Mengiste, Elena De Domenico, Jonas Schulte-Schrepping, Lea Seep, Jan Raabe, Christoph Hoffmeister, Michael ToVinh, Verena Keitel, Gereon Rieke, Valentina Talevi, Dirk Skowasch, N Ahmad Aziz, Peter Pickkers, Frank L van de Veerdonk, Mihai G Netea, Joachim L Schultze, Matthijs Kox, Monique M B Breteler, Jacob Nattermann, Antonia Koutsoukou, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Thomas Ulas, German COVID-19 Omics Initiative (DeCOI)

Background: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is currently leading to increasing numbers of COVID-19 patients all over the world. Clinical presentations range from asymptomatic, mild respiratory tract infection, to severe cases with acute respiratory distress syndrome, respiratory failure, and death. Reports on a dysregulated immune system in the severe cases call for a better characterization and understanding of the changes in the immune system.

PMID: 33441124