Treatment with Statins Does Not Revert Trained Immunity in Patients with Familial Hypercholesterolemia.
Individuals with elevated LDL-cholesterol levels have an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Despite lipid lowering strategies, however, a significant cardiovascular risk remains. Bekkering et al. show that monocytes from patients with familial hypercholesterolemia have a trained immunity phenotype and that lipid lowering with statins does not revert this pro-inflammatory phenotype.