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Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol . 2020 Oct 16

Variceal bleeding has increased mortality compared to nonvariceal bleeding only in males

Miguel J Lobo, Laia Reverte-Salisa, Ying-Chi Chao, Andreas Koschinski, Frank Gesellchen, Gunasekaran Subramaniam, He Jiang, Samuel Pace, Natasha Larcom, Ester Paolocci, Alexander Pfeifer, Sara Zanivan, Manuela Zaccolo, Helin Tercan, Niels P Riksen, Leo A B Joosten, Mihai G Netea, Siroon Bekkering, Maria Elisa Mancuso, Johnny Mahlangu, Robert Sidonio Jr, Peter Trask, Marianne Uguen, Tiffany Chang, Midori Shima, Guy Young, Johannes Oldenburg, Sylvia von Mackensen, Andreas Tiede, Santiago Bonanad, Amparo Santamaria, Georg Goldmann, Mariana Canaro, Antonio Palomero, Luis J G Frade, Juan Eduardo Megias-Vericat, Fernanda Martinez, Faustino Garcia Candel, Victor Jimenez Yuste, Monika Sparber-Sauer, Susan Halimeh, Daniela Adolf, Martin Hukauf, Jan Reichmann, Johannes Oldenburg, Artur Słomka, Tudor Mocan, Bingduo Wang, Iuliana Nenu, Sabine K Urban, Maria Gonzales-Carmona, Ingo G H Schmidt-Wolf, Veronika Lukacs-Kornek, Christian P Strassburg, Zeno Spârchez, Miroslaw Kornek, Hans-Peter Erasmus, Rukiye Bektas, Katharina Orland, Svetlozara Trifonova, Wen-Yi Gu, Frank Erhard Uschner, Maximilian J Brol, Johannes Chang, Michael Praktiknjo, Christian P Strassburg, Jonel Trebicka, Christian Jansen

Background: Gastrointestinal bleedings (GIBs) are frequent in cirrhotic patients and lead to high morbidity and mortality. Lately, there have been conflicting reports on the role of and bleeding type [variceal bleeding and nonvariceal bleeding (NVB)]. This study investigated the predictors of mortality in patients with variceal bleeding and NVB with relationship to sex differences.

PMID: 33079784