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Contrast-free left atrial appendage occlusion in patients using the LAMBRE™ device.

International journal of cardiology

Authors: Vivian Vij, Tobias Friedrich Ruf, Jean-Benoit Thambo, Lara Vogt, Saddam M A Al-Sabri, Dominik Nelles, Jan-Wilko Schrickel, Thomas Beiert, Georg Nickenig, Ralph Stephan von Bardeleben, Xavier Iriart, Alexander Sedaghat

BACKGROUND: Advances in imaging have led to procedural optimization of left atrial appendage closure (LAAC). Contrast-free approaches, guided merely by echocardiography, have been established, however data on this topic remains scarce. In this analysis, we assessed contrast-free procedural results with the LAMBRE LAAC device.

METHODS: The multicenter retrospective BoBoMa (Bonn/Bordeaux/Mainz)-Registry included a total of 118 patients that underwent LAAC with LAMBRE devices omitting contrast-dye. Baseline and echocardiographic characteristics as well as intra- and postprocedural complications and outcomes were assessed.

RESULTS: Patients were at a mean age of 77.5 ± 7.5 years with high thromboembolic and bleeding risk (CHADS-VASc-score 4.6 ± 1.4, HAS-BLED-score 3.7 ± 1.0, respectively). Renal function was impaired with a mean glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 50 ± 22 ml/min. Mean procedural time was 47.2 ± 37.5 min with a mean radiation dose of 4.75 ± 5.25 Gy*cm. Device success, defined as proper deployment in a correct position, was achieved in 97.5% (115/118) of cases with repositioning of the occluder in 7.6% (9/118) and resizing in 3.4% (4/118) of cases. No relevant peri-device leakage (>3 mm) was observed with 42% of occluders being implanted in an ostial position. Periprocedural complications occurred in 6.8% (8/118) of cases, including two cases of device embolization and one case of clinically-relevant pericardial effusion requiring surgical intervention. Other complications included clinically-irrelevant pericardial effusion (2.5%, 3/118) and vascular access site complications (1.7%, 2/118).

CONCLUSION: Echocardiography-guided contrast-free LAAC using the LAMBRE device is safe and feasible. Further prospective studies including the direct comparison of devices as well as imaging techniques are warranted in contrast-free LAAC.

Copyright © 2024. Published by Elsevier B.V.

PMID: 38458388

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