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Most subjectively affected joints in patients with haemophilia - what has changed after 20 years in Germany?

Haemophilia : the official journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia

Authors: Jamil Hmida, Thomas Hilberg, Pia Ransmann, Fabian Tomschi, Claudia Klein, Sebastian Koob, Alexander Franz, Heinrich Richter, Johannes Oldenburg, Andreas C Strauss

BACKGROUND: In patients with haemophilia (PwH), most frequently affected joints are the ankle, knee and elbow. Due to improved factor therapy in the last decades, these previous findings have to be verified in Germany.

AIM: The aim of this study is to detect the most affected joint, evaluate the significance of the source of pain and determine the point prevalence of back pain in Germany today.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, data of n = 300 patients with severe moderate and mild haemophilia were evaluated regarding the most affected joint, the most common source of pain, and the point prevalence of back pain. An anamnesis questionnaire and the German Pain Questionnaire were used for this assessment.

RESULTS: The most affected joint in German PwH is still the ankle (41%), followed by the knee (27%) and the elbow (11%). The most common source of pain is also the ankle joint (32%). Back pain was also identified as one of the most common sources of pain, which is comparable to the elbow (elbow:15%; back:13%). The point prevalence in PwH for back pain was significantly higher compared to the general German population (P = .031).

CONCLUSION: Our data showed that the ankle is still the most affected joint and the most common source of pain in Germany. These results also showed the relevance of back pain as a pain source. The evaluations also demonstrated the high point prevalence of back pain in PwH. Future therapies should also focus on the spine because joint changes affect posture.

© 2022 The Authors. Haemophilia published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PMID: 35420240

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