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Outcomes of Transcatheter Tricuspid Edge-to-Edge Repair in Patients With Right Ventricular Dysfunction.

Circulation. Cardiovascular interventions

Authors: Johanna Vogelhuber, Tetsu Tanaka, Refik Kavsur, Tadahiro Goto, Can Öztürk, Miriam Silaschi, Georg Nickenig, Sebastian Zimmer, Marcel Weber, Atsushi Sugiura

BACKGROUND: We assessed the safety profile of tricuspid transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) in patients with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction.

METHODS: We identified patients undergoing TEER to treat tricuspid regurgitation from June 2015 to October 2021 and assessed tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and RV fractional area change (RVFAC). RV dysfunction was defined as TAPSE <17 mm and RVFAC <35%. The primary end point was 30-day mortality after TEER. We also investigated the change in the RV function in the early phase and clinical outcomes at 2 years.

RESULTS: The study participants (n=262) were at high surgical risk (EuroSCORE II, 6.2% [interquartile range, 4.0%-10.3%]). Among them, 44 patients met the criteria of RV dysfunction. Thirty-day mortality was 3.2% in patients with normal RV function and 2.3% in patients with RV dysfunction (=0.99). Tricuspid regurgitation reduction to ≤2+ was consistently achieved irrespective of RV dysfunction (76.5% versus 70.5%; =0.44). TAPSE and RVFAC declined after TEER in patients with normal RV function (TAPSE, 19.0±4.7 to 17.9±4.5 mm; =0.001; RVFAC, 46.2%±8.1% to 40.3%±9.7%; <0.001). In contrast, those parameters were unchanged or tended to increase in patients with RV dysfunction (TAPSE, 13.2±2.3 to 15.3±4.7 mm; =0.011; RVFAC, 29.6%±4.1% to 31.6%±8.3%; =0.14). Two years after TEER, compared with patients with normal RV function, patients with RV dysfunction had significantly higher mortality (27.0% versus 56.3%; <0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: TEER was safe and feasible to treat tricuspid regurgitation in patients with RV dysfunction. The decline in the RV function was observed in patients with normal RV function but not in patients with RV dysfunction.

PMID: 38629314

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