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Pharmacological blockade of cannabinoid receptor 2 signaling does not affect LPS/IFN-γ-induced microglial activation.

Scientific reports

Authors: Bolanle Fatimat Olabiyi, Anne-Caroline Schmoele, Eva Carolina Beins, Andreas Zimmer

Cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) signaling modulates microglial responses to inflammatory stimuli. Our previous studies demonstrated that genetic deletion of CB2 inhibits microglial activation during inflammatory stimulation of toll-like receptors (TLRs) or in neurodegenerative conditions. However, we cannot exclude developmental effects of the constitutive CB2 knockout (CB2), which could mediate compensatory outcomes in CB2 mice. In the present study, we therefore tested whether acute pharmacological inhibition of CB2 receptor has a similar effect on microglial activation as in CB2 in response to inflammatory stimulation. Our findings suggest that the CB2-specific antagonist SR144528 has little or no effect on LPS/IFN-γ-induced activation in primary microglia or organotypic hippocampal slice cultures at nanomolar concentrations. We show that SR144528 did not alter LPS/IFN-γ-mediated microglial cytokine secretion, Iba1 and CD68 staining intensity or morphology at 1 and 10 nM. Although SR144528 suppressed LPS/IFN-γ-induced microglial activation at 1 µM, this anti-inflammatory effect was not dependent on CB2 receptors and exceeded the Ki on CB2 receptors by more than a thousand-fold. Thus, SR144528 does not mimic the anti-inflammatory effects observed in the CB2 microglia after LPS/IFN-γ stimulation. Therefore, we propose that the deletion of CB2 probably triggered an adaptive mechanism, making microglia less responsive to inflammatory stimulation.

© 2023. The Author(s).

PMID: 37429837

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