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[Results of Endoscopic Screening and Therapy of the Duodenum in MUTYH-associated Polyposis].

Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie

Authors: Sonja Haas, Christian P Strassburg, Jacob Nattermann, Robert Hueneburg

-associated polyposis (MAP) is a very rare autosomal recessive polyposis syndrome. It is caused by a homozygous or compound heterozygous germline mutation in the gene. MAP is characterised by numerous colorectal adenomas; furthermore there is an increased risk for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the phenotype can be highly variable; for example, affected individuals also have an increased risk of polyps of the upper gastrointestinal tract and development of duodenal carcinomas.This study included 15 patients with evidence of a pathogenic variant, who were screened at the National Center for Hereditary Tumor Syndromes. Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) results were prospectively recorded in a database from 2012 to 2023.At least one EGD (median 4, range 1-15) was performed in 15 patients, seven of whom carried a homozygous and 8 a compound heterozygous pathogenic variant. The median surveillance period was 115 months (range, 3-215 months). The median age at baseline was 44 (range 17-65) years. A total of 72 EGDs were performed (median 4; range 1-15). Five patients had duodenal adenomas; histology showed tubular adenomas with low grade intraepithelial dysplasia (LGIEN) in all of these cases. The total number of duodenal adenomas detected was 48, and the median number was 3 (range, 1-37). Neither high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIEN) nor duodenal cancer was detected during the surveillance period.Patients with MUTYH-associated polyposis should be managed in a multidisciplinary centre for hereditary tumour disease. Our cohort showed more patients with duodenal adenomas than in previously published data. However, no progression to HGIEN or duodenal carcinomas was observed as a result of the endoscopic therapy performed.

Thieme. All rights reserved.

PMID: 37995714

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