Skip to main content

Role of circulating angiogenin levels in portal hypertension and TIPS.

PloS one

Authors: Alexander Queck, Frank E Uschner, Philip G Ferstl, Martin Schulz, Maximilian J Brol, Michael Praktiknjo, Robert Schierwagen, Sabine Klein, Christian P Strassburg, Carsten Meyer, Christian Jansen, Marie-Luise Berres, Jonel Trebicka

BACKGROUND: Pathogenesis of portal hypertension is multifactorial and includes pathologic intrahepatic angiogenesis, whereby TIPS insertion is an effective therapy of portal hypertension associated complications. While angiogenin is a potent contributor to angiogenesis in general, little is known about its impact on TIPS function over time.

METHODS: In a total of 118 samples from 47 patients, angiogenin concentrations were measured in portal and inferior caval vein plasma at TIPS insertion (each blood compartment n = 23) or angiographic intervention after TIPS (each blood compartment n = 36) and its relationship with patient outcome was investigated.

RESULTS: Angiogenin levels in the inferior caval vein were significantly higher compared to the portal vein (P = 0.048). Ten to 14 days after TIPS, inferior caval vein angiogenin level correlated inversely with the portal systemic pressure gradient (P<0.001), measured invasively during control angiography. Moreover, patients with TIPS revision during this angiography, showed significantly lower angiogenin level in the inferior caval vein compared to patients without TIPS dysfunction (P = 0.01).

CONCLUSION: In cirrhosis patients with complications of severe portal hypertension, circulating levels of angiogenin are derived from the injured liver. Moreover, angiogenin levels in the inferior caval vein after TIPS may predict TIPS dysfunction.

PMID: 34432848

Participating cluster members