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Safety and Efficacy of Recombinant Fusion Protein Linking Coagulation Factor IX with Albumin (rIX-FP) in Previously Untreated Patients with Hemophilia B.

TH open : companion journal to thrombosis and haemostasis

Authors: Richard Lemons, Michael Wang, Julie Curtin, Lynda Mae Lepatan, Christoph Male, Flora Peyvandi, Mario von Depka Prondzinski, Rongrong Wang, William McKeand, Wilfried Seifert, Johannes Oldenburg

 Recombinant fusion protein linking coagulation factor IX (FIX) with albumin (rIX-FP) has been shown to be an effective, well-tolerated treatment for patients with severe hemophilia B who had previously received factor replacement therapy. This study investigated the safety and efficacy of rIX-FP in previously untreated patients (PUPs).  Patients with moderately severe/severe hemophilia B (≤2% FIX) previously untreated with FIX replacement products received rIX-FP (25-75 IU/kg) prophylaxis weekly or on-demand treatment over ≥50 exposure days (EDs). Primary outcomes were the number of patients who developed FIX inhibitors and mean incremental recovery (IR) following a 50 IU/kg dose of rIX-FP. Secondary outcomes included incidence of adverse events (AEs) and annualized bleeding rates (ABRs).  In total, 12 PUPs with a median age of 0 years (range, 0-11 years) were treated with rIX-FP for a median of 50 EDs (6/12 prophylaxis; 6/12 on-demand then prophylaxis). Overall, 11/12 patients did not develop FIX inhibitors; one 11-year-old patient developed an inhibitor against FIX after 8 EDs and was ultimately withdrawn. Mean (standard deviation) IR was 1.2 (0.4,  = 8) (IU/dL)/(IU/kg). Of the 137 treatment-emergent AEs recorded, five were attributed to rIX-FP. On the prophylaxis regimen, median ABR was 1.0 (range, 0-3.9,  = 12). No thromboembolic events or deaths occurred during the study.  This study provides data to support the safety and efficacy of rIX-FP in PUPs requiring on-demand or prophylactic treatment for moderately severe/severe hemophilia B, consistent with results in previously treated patients. Overall, 1/12 patients developed an inhibitor against FIX.

The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. ( ).

PMID: 38532939

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