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The role of variant alleles of the mannose-binding lectin in the inhibitor development in severe hemophilia A.

Thrombosis research

Authors: Gudrun Ulrich-Merzenich, Annekristin Hausen, Heike Zeitler, Georg Goldmann, Johannes Oldenburg, Anna Pavlova

INTRODUCTION: The administration of FVIII leads to inhibitors in up to 30% of patients with hemophilia A (HA), the most severe treatment complication. FVIII-mannosylation fosters the presentation of FVIII to CD4-T-lymphocytes. Mannose as primary ligand for the mannose-binding lectin (MBL) activates the lectin pathway of complement. MBL2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) lead to low peripheral MBL concentrations that may hamper the removal of mannosylated FVIII.

OBJECTIVE: Investigation of the association between the inhibitor development in hemophilia A and MBL2-SNPs.

METHODS: In a case-control study the MBL2-SNPs in exon 1 at codons 52, 54 and 57 (C, B, D-Alleles respectively) were determined in 237 patients with severe hemophilia A with and without inhibitors to FVIII (119 vs 118). The association of MBL2-SNPs and the -308 G>A TNF-α-polymorphism with the presence of inhibitors were determined.

RESULTS: In the inhibitor group higher frequencies of the B allele (codon 54) (OR: 1.77, P < 0.05) were present. Summarising the MBL2 SNPs (alleles B, C and D) as 0, the 0/0 type occurred only in the inhibitor group (frequencies: 0.08 vs 0, P = 0.003). Based on the genetic background a functional immune response phenotype was determined. 11.8% of patients with inhibitors were of the low MBL/high TNF-α phenotype vs 0.03% of the non-inhibitor patients (OR: 3.71).

CONCLUSION: Data suggest an association of MBL2-SNPs alone or combined with the 308-TNF-α polymorphism in the inhibitor development. Investigations of components of all three complement pathways are required to comprehend their individual and overall contribution to the inhibitor development in HA.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID: 31141731

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