Skip to main content

Effects of a Fully Humanized Type II Anti-CD20 Monoclonal Antibody on Peripheral and CNS B Cells in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Multiple Sclerosis.

International journal of molecular sciences

Authors: Sabine Tacke, Rittika Chunder, Verena Schropp, Eduard Urich, Stefanie Kuerten

Successful therapy with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) has reinforced the key role of B cells in the immunopathology of multiple sclerosis (MS). This study aimed to determine the effects of a novel class of anti-CD20 mAbs on vascular and extravascular central nervous system (CNS)-infiltrating B cells in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of MS. Male hCD20xhIgR3 mice and wild-type C57BL/6 (B6) mice were immunized with human myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) to induce EAE. While hCD20xhIgR3 mice were injected intravenously with an anti-human CD20 mAb (5 mg/kg) (rituximab (a type I anti-CD20 mAb) or obinutuzumab (a type II anti-CD20 mAb), B6 mice received the anti-mouse CD20 antibody 18B12. Neither mAb affected clinical disease or serum antibody levels. Obinutuzumab and rituximab had an impact on splenic and CNS-infiltrated B cells with slightly differential depletion efficacy. Additionally, obinutuzumab had beneficial effects on spinal cord myelination. B cell depletion rates in the 18B12/B6 model were comparable with those observed in obinutuzumab-treated hCD20xhIgR3 mice. Our results demonstrate the usefulness of anti-CD20 mAbs for the modulation of B cell-driven peripheral immune response and CNS pathology, with type II antibodies potentially being superior to type I in the depletion of tissue-infiltrating B cells.

PMID: 35328594

Participating cluster members