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Increased MIB-1 Labeling Index Is Associated with Abducens Nerve Morbidity in Primary Sporadic Petroclival Meningioma Surgery: Beyond Location and Approach.

Current oncology (Toronto, Ont.)

Authors: Johannes Wach, Tim Lampmann, Ági Güresir, Hartmut Vatter, Ulrich Herrlinger, Albert Becker, Marieta Toma, Michael Hölzel, Erdem Güresir

Abducens nerve palsy is a severe dysfunction after petroclival meningioma (PC MNG) surgery. The objective of this investigation was to analyze abducens nerve outcomes in patients who underwent the retrosigmoid approach in relation to the MIB-1 index. Thirty-two patients with primary sporadic PC MNG were retrospectively analyzed. Mean follow-up was 28.0 months. Analysis of the MIB-1 index was performed to evaluate the abducens nerve outcome. An optimal MIB-1 index cut-off value (<4/≥4) in the association with postoperative CN VI palsy was determined by ROC analysis (AUC: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.57−0.92). A new-onset CN VI palsy was present in 7 cases (21.88%) and was significantly associated with an increased MIB-1 index (≥4%, p = 0.025) and a peritumoral edema in the brachium pontis (p = 0.047) which might be caused by the increased growth rate. Tumor volume, cavernous sinus infiltration, auditory canal invasion, and Simpson grading were not associated with new CN VI deficits. Six (85.7%) of the 7 patients with both an increased MIB-1 index (≥4%) and new abducens nerve palsy still had a CN VI deficit at the 12-month follow-up. A peritumoral edema caused by a highly proliferative PC MNG with an elevated MIB-1 index (≥4%) is associated with postoperative abducens nerve deficits.

PMID: 35877258

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