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Inflammatory Tumor Microenvironment in Cranial Meningiomas: Clinical Implications and Intraindividual Reproducibility.

Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland)

Authors: Johannes Wach, Tim Lampmann, Ági Güresir, Hartmut Vatter, Ulrich Herrlinger, Albert Becker, Marieta Toma, Michael Hölzel, Erdem Güresir

The MIB-1 index was demonstrated to be significantly correlated to meningioma recurrence. However, to date, the relationship of the intraindividual course of the MIB-1 index and the growth fraction, respectively, to clinical tumor recurrence has not been demonstrated in cranial WHO grade 1 and 2 meningiomas. In the present paper, we compare the MIB-1 indices of 16 solely surgically treated primary meningiomas and their recurrent tumors regarding the course of the MIB-1 indices, time to recurrence, reproducibility and factors influencing the intraindividual MIB-1 indices. Regression analyses revealed (1) a strong intra-lab reproducibility ( = 0.88) of the MIB-1 index at the second versus the first operation, corresponding to a constant intrinsic growth activity of an individual meningioma, (2) a significant inverse correlation of both primary ( = -0.51) and secondary ( = -0.70) MIB-1 indices to time to recurrence, and (3) male sex, low plasma fibrinogen and diffuse CD68 macrophage infiltrates contribute to an increase in the MIB-1 index. A strong intraindividual reproducibility of the MIB-1 index and a direct relationship of the MIB-1 index to the time to recurrence were observed. Individual MIB-1 indices might be used for tailored follow-up imaging intervals. Further research on the role of macrophages and inflammatory burden in the regrowth potential of meningiomas are needed.

PMID: 35453901

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