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Liquid Biopsy in Organ Damage: small extracellular vesicle chip-based assessment of polytrauma.

Frontiers in immunology

Authors: Bingduo Wang, Aliona Wöhler, Johannes Greven, Rebekka J S Salzmann, Cindy M Keller, Tobias Tertel, Qun Zhao, Ümit Mert, Klemens Horst, Ludmila Lupu, Markus Huber-Lang, Martijn van Griensven, Tom Erik Mollnes, Sebastian Schaaf, Robert Schwab, Christian P Strassburg, Ingo G H Schmidt-Wolf, Bernd Giebel, Frank Hildebrand, Veronika Lukacs-Kornek, Arnulf G Willms, Miroslaw T Kornek

BACKGROUND: Despite major advances in medicine, blood-borne biomarkers are urgently needed to support decision-making, including polytrauma. Here, we assessed serum-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) as potential markers of decision-making in polytrauma.

OBJECTIVE: Our Liquid Biopsy in Organ Damage (LiBOD) study aimed to differentiate polytrauma with organ injury from polytrauma without organ injury. We analysed of blood-borne small EVs at the individual level using a combination of immunocapture and high-resolution imaging.

METHODS: To this end, we isolated, purified, and characterized small EVs according to the latest Minimal Information for Studies of Extracellular Vesicles (MISEV) guidelines from human blood collected within 24 h post-trauma and validated our results using a porcine polytrauma model.

RESULTS: We found that small EVs derived from monocytes CD14 and CD14CD61 were significantly elevated in polytrauma with organ damage. To be precise, our findings revealed that CD9CD14 and CD14CD61 small EVs exhibited superior performance compared to CD9CD61 small EVs in accurately indicating polytrauma with organ damage, reaching a sensitivity and a specificity of 0.81% and 0.97%, respectively. The results in humans were confirmed in an independent porcine model of polytrauma.

CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that these specific types of small EVs may serve as valuable, non-invasive, and objective biomarkers for assessing and monitoring the severity of polytrauma and associated organ damage.

Copyright © 2023 Wang, Wöhler, Greven, Salzmann, Keller, Tertel, Zhao, Mert, Horst, Lupu, Huber-Lang, van Griensven, Mollnes, Schaaf, Schwab, Strassburg, Schmidt-Wolf, Giebel, Hildebrand, Lukacs-Kornek, Willms and Kornek.

PMID: 38035093

Participating cluster members