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Low-Dose Acetylsalicylic Acid Treatment in Non-Skull-Base Meningiomas: Impact on Tumor Proliferation and Seizure Burden.


Authors: Johannes Wach, Ági Güresir, Hartmut Vatter, Ulrich Herrlinger, Albert Becker, Marieta Toma, Michael Hölzel, Erdem Güresir

MIB-1 index is an important predictor of meningioma progression and was found to be correlated with COX-2 expression. However, the impact of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on MIB-1 index and clinical symptoms is unclear. Between 2009 and 2022, 710 patients with clinical data, tumor-imaging data, inflammatory laboratory (plasma fibrinogen, serum C-reactive protein) data, and neuropathological reports underwent surgery for primary cranial WHO grade 1 and 2 meningioma. ASA intake was found to be significantly associated with a low MIB-1 labeling index in female patients ≥ 60 years. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that female patients ≥ 60 years with a non-skull-base meningioma taking ASA had a significantly lower MIB-1 index (OR: 2.6, 95%: 1.0-6.6, = 0.04). Furthermore, the intake of ASA was independently associated with a reduced burden of symptomatic epilepsy at presentation in non-skull-base meningiomas in both genders (OR: 3.8, 95%CI: 1.3-10.6, = 0.03). ASA intake might have an anti-proliferative effect in the subgroup of elderly female patients with non-skull-base meningiomas. Furthermore, anti-inflammatory therapy seems to reduce the burden of symptomatic epilepsy in non-skull-base meningiomas. Further research is needed to investigate the role of anti-inflammatory therapy in non-skull-base meningiomas.

PMID: 36077817

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