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Peroxisome deficiency underlies failures in hepatic immune cell development and antigen presentation in a severe Zellweger disease model.

Cell reports

Authors: Brendon D Parsons, Daniel Medina-Luna, Michal Scur, Marinella Pinelli, Gayani S Gamage, Rebecca A Chilvers, Yannick Hamon, Ibrahim H I Ahmed, Stéphane Savary, Andrew P Makrigiannis, Nancy E Braverman, Juan F Rodriguez-Alcazar, Eicke Latz, Tobias K Karakach, Francesca Di Cara

Peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs) represent a group of metabolic conditions that cause severe developmental defects. Peroxisomes are essential metabolic organelles, present in virtually every eukaryotic cell and mediating key processes in immunometabolism. To date, the full spectrum of PBDs remains to be identified, and the impact PBDs have on immune function is unexplored. This study presents a characterization of the hepatic immune compartment of a neonatal PBD mouse model at single-cell resolution to establish the importance and function of peroxisomes in developmental hematopoiesis. We report that hematopoietic defects are a feature in a severe PBD murine model. Finally, we identify a role for peroxisomes in the regulation of the major histocompatibility class II expression and antigen presentation to CD4 T cells in dendritic cells. This study adds to our understanding of the mechanisms of PBDs and expands our knowledge of the role of peroxisomes in immunometabolism.

Copyright © 2024 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID: 38329874

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