Skip to main content

Right ventricular cardiomyocyte expansion accompanies cardiac regeneration in newborn mice after large left ventricular infarcts.

JCI insight

Authors: Tianyuan Hu, Mona Malek Mohammadi, Fabian Ebach, Michael Hesse, Michael I Kotlikoff, Bernd K Fleischmann

Cauterization of the root of the left coronary artery (LCA) in the neonatal heart at postnatal day 1 (P1) resulted in large reproducible lesions of the left ventricle (LV), and an attendant marked adaptive response in the right ventricle (RV). The response of both chambers to LV myocardial infarction involved enhanced cardiomyocyte (CM) division and binucleation, as well as LV re-vascularization, leading to restored heart function within 7 days post-surgery (7 dps). By contrast, infarction of P3 mice resulted in cardiac scarring without a significant regenerative and adaptive response of the LV and the RV leading to subsequent heart failure and death within 7 dps. The prominent RV myocyte expansion in P1 mice involved an acute increase in pulmonary arterial pressure and a unique gene regulatory response, leading to an increase in RV mass and preserved heart function. Thus, distinct adaptive mechanisms in the RV, such as CM proliferation and RV expansion, enable marked cardiac regeneration of the infarcted LV at P1 and full functional recovery.

PMID: 38319719

Participating cluster members