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Role of chaperone-assisted selective autophagy (CASA) in mechanical stress protection of periodontal ligament cells.

Journal of orofacial orthopedics = Fortschritte der Kieferorthopadie : Organ/official journal Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Kieferorthopadie

Authors: Corinna Salim, Hannah Muders, Andreas Jäger, Anna Konermann

OBJECTIVE: The periodontal ligament (PDL) is exposed to constant mechanical forces potentiated by orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). The aim of our study was to investigate the involvement of chaperone-assisted selective autophagy (CASA) in mechanosensing and cellular adaption to forces in the PDL.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human PDL cells were loaded with 2.5, 5, and 10% of static mechanical strain for 24 h in vitro. Untreated cells served as controls. Gene expression of HSPA8, HSPB8, BAG3, STUB1, SYNPO2 was investigated via RT-qPCR (Quantitative reverse transcription PCR). Western blot evidenced protein expression of these molecules and of Filamin A. In vivo analyses of CASA were performed via immunohistochemistry on teeth with and without OTM.

RESULTS: CASA machinery genes were inherently expressed in PDL cells and exhibited transcriptional induction upon mechanical strain. Protein analyses underlined these findings, even though modulation upon force exertion also demonstrated a decrease for some molecules and loading strengths. In vivo results evidenced again the uniform upregulation of HSPA8, HSPB8, BAG3, STUB1, SYNPO2 and Filamin A in teeth with OTM compared to controls. Experiments generally evidenced a pronounced variability in the expression between donors both on the gene and protein level.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study is the first to identify both the expression and functional relevance of CASA in the PDL. The data reflect its probable central role in adequate adaption to forces exerted by OTM and in mechanical stress protection of cells. Deeper knowledge of the CASA pathway will allow better assessment of predisposing factors regarding side effects during mechanical force application that can be used in orthodontic practice.

© 2021. The Author(s).

PMID: 34735580

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